Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Types of seasonal influenza vaccine
Injected trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines are most commonly used throughout the world. Influenza antigen preparation varies between manufacturers. The inactivated influenza vaccines available in the EU/EEA may contain either split virion influenza virus products or subunit influenza products.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza
This report which is part of the RAGIDA project (Risk Assessment Guidance for Infectious Diseases transmitted on Aircraft) provides viable options for decision-makers when faced with the choice of whether to contact trace air travellers and crew that were potentially exposed to infectious diseases during a flight.
- Avian influenza virus
- Infectious diseases on aircrafts
- Influenza A (H1N1)2009
- Influenza A(H5N1) virus
- Influenza A(H5N2) virus
- Influenza A(H5N8) virus
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Influenza in humans, avian origin
- Influenza in humans, pandemic
- Influenza in humans, seasonal
- Influenza in humans, swine origin
- Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA)
- Travellers' health
Travellers' health and infectious diseases on aircraft
As increasing numbers of people travel by air, the potential risk of introduction and spread of infectious diseases by travellers is on the rise. Figures from Eurostat reveal that around 900 million passengers annually are carried on flights within the European Union (EU) alone.