ECDC: around 9 million Europeans are affected by chronic hepatitis B or C
An estimated 4.7 million Europeans are living with chronic hepatitis B and almost 4 million (3.9) with chronic hepatitis C infection. However, large numbers of them are not even aware of their infection as they have not yet been tested and diagnosed.
Options for national testing and surveillance for hepatitis E virus in the EU/EEA - Operational guidance
This operational guidance, developed by ECDC in collaboration with its hepatitis E virus (HEV) expert group, offers options on the implementation or adjustment of HEV surveillance at a national level.
Standardising surveillance of hepatitis E virus infection in the EU/EEA: A review of national practices and suggestions for the way forward
Adlhoch, C., Manďáková, Z., Ethelberg, S., Epštein, J., Rimhanen-Finne, R., Figoni, J., Baylis, S.A., Faber, M., Mellou, K., Murphy, N., O'Gorman, J., Tosti, M.E., Ciccaglione, A.R., Hofhuis, A., Zaaijer, H., Lange, H., de Sousa, R., Avellón, A., Sundqvist, L., Said, B., Ijaz, S.