Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) in men who have sex with men (MSM): A re-emerging problem, Malta, 2018
Donachie, A., Spiteri, G., Barbara, C., Melillo, T., Hadad, R., Farrugia, A.G., Unemo, M., Padovese, V.