Figure 1. Number of reported confirmed congenital syphilis cases per 100 000 live births; number of countries reporting congenital syphilis data, 25 EU/EEA countries, 2005–2014
Number of reported confirmed congenital syphilis cases per 100 000 live births; number of countries reporting congenital syphilis data, 25 EU/EEA countries, 2005–
Congenital syphilis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
In 2016, 37 congenital syphilis cases were reported in 23 EU/EEA Member States, at a crude rate of 1.1 cases per 100 000 live births.p
Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
Syphilis notifications in the EU/EEA up by 70% since 2010
The number of syphilis cases has been consistently going up across Europe since 2010, mostly affecting men who have sex with men living in urban areas. In 2017, notification rates reached an all-time high in the EU/EEA countries with more than 33 000 reported cases. An in-depth ECDC study published today describes the factors behind this increase and outlines the evidence-based options for public health control of syphilis, including case finding and management as well as educational activities.