Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19
This document aims to support the implementation of after-action reviews (AARs) and in-action reviews (IARs) focused on the public health response to COVID-19.
Strategies for the surveillance of COVID-19
This document proposes an updated strategy for COVID-19 surveillance at national and EU/EEA level that specifically aims to reconcile the data needs for effective pandemic response with what is still feasible in countries and within healthcare systems under siege, while taking into account guidance issued by the World Health Organization.
COVID-19: ECDC updates case definition for EU surveillance
Following the rapid increase of coronavirus cases in Italy, ECDC continuously assesses the impact that those local clusters have on the overall risk of further spread in the EU/EEA. In addition, the Centre supports the Member States in their COVID-19 preparedness and response efforts.
Threat assessment brief: Outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation in Italy
Outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation in Italy
ECDC statement on the rapid increase of COVID-19 cases in Italy
In the last 24 hours, the Italian Ministry of Health confirmed an increasing number of COVID-19 cases, including two deaths, clustered in two regions in Northern Italy as well as single cases in other regions in Northern Italy.
Recommendations for enterovirus diagnostics and characterisation within and beyond Europe
Harvala, H., Broberg, E., Benschop, K., Berginc, N., Ladhani, S., Susi, P., Christiansen, C., McKenna, J., Allen, D., Makiello, P., McAllister, G., Carmen, M., Zakikhany, K., Dyrdak, R., Nielsen, X., Madsen, T., Paul, J., Moore, C., von Eije, K., Piralla, A., Carlier, M., Vanoverschelde, L., Poelman, R., Anton, A., López-Labrador, F.X., Pellegrinelli, L., Keeren, K., Maier, M., Cassidy, H., Derdas, S., Savolainen-Kopra, C., Diedrich, S., Nordbø, S., Buesa, J., Bailly, J.-L., Baldanti, F., MacAdam, A., Mirand, A., Dudman, S., Schuffenecker, I., Kadambari, S., Neyts, J., Griffiths, M.J., Richter, J., Margaretto, C., Govind, S., Morley, U., Adams, O., Krokstad, S., Dean, J., Pons-Salort, M., Prochazka, B., Cabrerizo, M., Majumdar, M., Nebbia, G., Wiewel, M., Cottrell, S., Coyle, P., Martin, J., Moore, C., Midgley, S., Horby, P., Wolthers, K., Simmonds, P., Niesters, H., Fischer, T.K.
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt, 9 April 2015
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt
Epidemiological update A(H7N9) influenza, 6 February 2014
In March 2013, Chinese authorities announced the identification of a novel reassortant A(H7N9) influenza virus in patients in eastern China. Since then, human cases have continued to be reported, and as of 7 February 2014 (Figure 1), there have been 308 laboratory-confirmed cases: Zhejiang (122), Guangdong (54), Shanghai (42), Jiangsu (36), Fujian (19), Hunan (7), Jiangxi (5), Henan (4), Anhui (4) ,Beijing (3), Shandong (2), Hebei (1), Guangxi (2), Guizhou (1), Hong Kong (4) and Taiwan (2). In addition, the virus has been detected in one asymptomatic case in Beijing.
Influenza A (H3N2)v Virus in Humans and Swine in the United States – an updateArchived
A report in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) MMWR this week describes the investigation of mild respiratory illness among swine and people at a county fair in Indiana, USA between 8 and 14 July 2012. This is an important report as it is very clearly documents simultaneous detection of H3N2v influenza viruses in humans and swine in close contact.