Surveillance and studies in a pandemic in Europe
The 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic in Europe, a review of the experience
This extended report aims to provide a broad overview of the epidemiology and virology of the 2009 pandemic in the European Union and European Economic Area countries. The main trends and information are derived from the analysis and interpretation of the epidemiological and virological data and other analyses provided to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control’s European Surveillance system through the European Influenza Surveillance Network.
Mathematical modelling of programmatic screening strategies for latent tuberculosis infection in countries with low tuberculosis incidence
Elimination of tuberculosis (TB) requires the management of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in key populations. Thus, people with LTBI need to be diagnosed and treated with appropriate regimens. It is unknown how different screening and treatment strategies of key populations affect TB transmission and progress toward elimination.
Social determinants and risk factors in tuberculosis surveillance in the EU/EEA
The objective of this report is to provide countries with advice on what social determinant and risk factor variables to collect and what definitions to use, and to propose information to be collected at the national and European level.