Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Types of seasonal influenza vaccine
Injected trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines are most commonly used throughout the world. Influenza antigen preparation varies between manufacturers. The inactivated influenza vaccines available in the EU/EEA may contain either split virion influenza virus products or subunit influenza products.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza
This report which is part of the RAGIDA project (Risk Assessment Guidance for Infectious Diseases transmitted on Aircraft) provides viable options for decision-makers when faced with the choice of whether to contact trace air travellers and crew that were potentially exposed to infectious diseases during a flight.
- Avian influenza virus
- Infectious diseases on aircrafts
- Influenza A (H1N1)2009
- Influenza A(H5N1) virus
- Influenza A(H5N2) virus
- Influenza A(H5N8) virus
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Influenza in humans, avian origin
- Influenza in humans, pandemic
- Influenza in humans, seasonal
- Influenza in humans, swine origin
- Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA)
- Travellers' health
Travellers' health and infectious diseases on aircraft
As increasing numbers of people travel by air, the potential risk of introduction and spread of infectious diseases by travellers is on the rise. Figures from Eurostat reveal that around 900 million passengers annually are carried on flights within the European Union (EU) alone.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.
COVID-19 Rail Protocol: Recommendations for safe resumption of railway services in Europe
The European Union Agency’s for Railways (ERA), the European Commission and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have developed the following COVID-19 railway protocol, outlining the operational guidelines for the resumption of railway operations in Europe.
COVID-19 Aviation Health Safety Protocol: Guidance for the management of airline passengers in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic
The purpose of these guidelines is to serve as an aviation health safety protocol and to provide a source of best practice on how airport operators, aeroplane operators conducting commercial and non-commercial passenger transport operations (hereinafter aeroplane operators) and national aviation authorities can ensure the health and safety of passengers, as well as the staff and crew who serve them, by maintaining safe and secure operations whilst minimising the risk of virus transmission.
COVID-19: EU guidance for cruise ship operations
Guidance on the gradual resumption of operations of cruise ships in the European Union in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.