COVID-19 in children and the role of school settings in transmission - second update
The aim of this document is to provide an update on the knowledge surrounding the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and the role of schools in the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing in particular on the experience in EU/EEA countries since the beginning of the pandemic. This document also addresses transmission to and from staff in school settings, school-related mitigation measures including risk communication, testing, contact tracing, and the effectiveness and impacts of school closures.
Considerations for the use of saliva as sample material for COVID-19 testing
This document outlines the use of saliva as a diagnostic sample for detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection, considering the advantages, limitations and uncertainties associated with the use of saliva as sample material.
Using face masks in the community: first update - Effectiveness in reducing transmission of COVID-19
This technical report reviews the evidence that has been accumulated since the emergence of COVID-19, in addition to what has existed on this topic prior to the pandemic, and updates the ECDC opinion on the suitability of using face masks in the community published on 9 April 2020.
Risk assessment: SARS-CoV-2 - increased circulation of variants of concern and vaccine rollout in the EU/EEA, 14th update
This risk assessment provides an overall update on the COVID-19 situation in the EU/EEA, including latest data on the situation with SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern covered by previous targeted risk assessments.
Stress test on logistical aspects of COVID-19 vaccination deployment plans: final report
ECDC, together with the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety, organised a stress test of the logistical aspects of COVID-19 vaccination deployment plans. Twelve EU/EEA Member States participated in this stress test, a focused simulation exercise conducted in two rounds, one in mid-December 2020 and the second in early January 2021.
E-Learning for front-line managers on COVID-19 response to vulnerable populations (24 languages)
This e-learning course is designed for front-line managers of institutions hosting or serving people who are medially or socially vulnerable to the impact of COVID-19. It is a non-moderated and self-paced course. You can decide when to start it, interrupt and resume to continue at any time. In total, the course is designed to take from 1 to 3 hours to complete. The content of this course is available in all 24 EU official working languages.
Contact tracing: public health management of persons, including healthcare workers, who have had contact with COVID-19 cases in the European Union – third update
This document aims to help public health authorities in EU/EEA countries and the UK in their tracing and
management of persons, including healthcare workers, who have had contact with COVID-19 cases.
Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems in the context of COVID-19: first update
The scope of this document is to provide guidance on ventilation of indoor spaces in the context of COVID-19.
Guidelines for the implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions against COVID-19
These ECDC guidelines detail available options for NPI in various epidemiologic scenarios, assess the evidence for their effectiveness and address implementation issues, including potential barriers and facilitators.