Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Factsheet about seasonal influenza
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.
ECDC Threat Reports app - direct access to key updates and reports on disease threats of concern to the EU
Free and open access application that gives you direct access to key updates and reports on communicable disease threats of concern to the EU on your mobile device. The application is free to use and can be accessed by anyone. ECDC partners can access additional reports by logging in with their ECDC credentials.
Communicable disease threats reports on influenza
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats.
Risk assessments on influenza
Rapid risk/outbreaks assessment aim at supporting the countries and the European Commission in their preparedness and response to a public health threat. They provide a timely summary and risk assessment of a public health threat for EU/EEA countries related to a specific event. They also include potential options for response. As outbreaks or public health events develop, ECDC may issue updated risk assessments.
Experience and lessons from surveillance and studies of the 2009 pandemic in Europe
Nicoll, A., Ammon, A., Amato, A., Ciancio, B., Zucs, P., Devaux, I., Plata, F., Mazick, A., Molbak, K., Asikainen, T., Kramarz, P.
Planning for uncertainty: A European approach to informing responses to the severity of influenza epidemics and pandemics
Assessment of human influenza pandemic scenarios in Europe
Napoli, C., Fabiani, M., Rizzo, C., Barral, M., Oxford, J., Cohen, J.M., Niddam, L., Goryński, P., Pistol, A., Lionis, C., Bri, S., Nicoll, A., Penttinen, P., Gauci, C., Bounekkar, A., Bonnevay, S., Beresniak, A.