Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, 14 April 2016
This rapid risk assessment provides several options to reduce the risk of CRE, e.g. treatment options, transmission prevention and measures related to the healthcare system.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Plasmid-mediated colistin resistance in Enterobacteriaceae, 15 June 2016
This document assesses the risk for patients and healthcare systems in the EU/EEA due to the global mcr-1 plasmid-mediated gene epidemic.
US CDC report on antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013
Antimicrobial resistance represent a serious threat to public health and patient safety and is a worldwide problem. Each year, in the European Union (EU) at least 25 000 patients die of infections with multidrug-resistant bacteria.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - first update
This update of the 2016 ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment on carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) evaluates the risk for patients and healthcare systems in EU/EEA countries due to the global spread of CRE.
Communicable Disease Threats Report, 3-9 June 2018, week 23
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 3-9 June 2018 and includes updates on dengue, Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, measles, rubella, hepatitis A, mass gathering monitoring, Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Ebola virus disease, West Nile virus, polio and MERS-CoV.
- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobactericae
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Ebola haemorrhagic fever
- Ebola outbreak - North Kivu, Ituri, DRC
- Hepatitis A
- La Réunion
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- West Nile virus infection
Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 July 2018, week 28
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 8-14 July 2018 and includes updates on carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae, dengue, Ebola virus disease, poliomyelitis, MERS-CoV, mass gathering monitoring (FIFA Men's Football World Cup), measles, poliovirus type 2, rubella, Vibrio growth in the Baltic Sea, and West Nile virus.
Rapid risk assessment: Regional outbreak of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Italy, 2018–2019
A large outbreak of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported from the Tuscany region in Italy. Between November 2018 and May 2019, seven Tuscan hospitals notified a total of 350 cases.
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae - second update
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. Hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae strains have been reported presenting an additional threat with a potential for global dissemination. The spread of high risk clones and plasmids carrying carbapenemases in healthcare settings is a major cause of the spread of CRE in EU/EEA countries. Recent events of cross-border importation after patient transfer and large regional outbreaks as well as the worsening epidemiologic situation of carbapenemase-producing CRE in the EU/EEA highlight the high risk for further spread of CRE and the need for enhanced control efforts. Options for control are outlined in the respective section below.