Prevention and control measures for rotavirus
Two rotavirus vaccines were authorised for prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis in 2006. Authorised vaccines provide a high level of protection against severe disease in need of medical attention. Evidence suggests that rotavirus vaccination should be initiated before 12 weeks of age and can be administered together with other infant vaccines.
Prevention and control measures for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)
Congenital rubella syndrome is prevented by ensuring that everyone in the EU is vaccinated against rubella. In particular, women who are planning to get pregnant should be vaccinated as this protects the mother as well as the foetus.
Prevention and control measures for varicella
A vaccine is available which protects against the varicella virus; however policies on vaccine use vary across the EU. Varicella vaccination for all children is only recommended at national level in five countries (for the list of those countries see the ECDC vaccine scheduler). In most countries vaccination is available for adolescents without history of varicella and for the people who have higher risk of coming into contact with the varicella virus, like healthcare workers.
Preventive measures for infectious diseases
Find out more about prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases; guidance, action plans, communication plans and campaigns, vaccination coverage, childhood vaccination etc
Prevention and control measures for mumps
Immunisation is the only effective method of prevention. Mumps vaccine is given in the form of the combined trivalent measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in all European countries with a first dose at or before 18 months of age. The timing of the second dose varies across countries.