Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
Epidemiology, surveillance and control of infectious diseases in the European overseas countries and territories, 2011
Jones, J., Gastellu-Etchegorry, M., Stenz, F.K., Baudon, C., Bloem, S.J., Bondonneau, M., Cohuet, S., Diggle, R., Ewing, R.W., Gerstenbluth, I., Grangeon, J.P., Kumar Alla, K., Lajoinie, G., Tromp, M., Tumahai, T., YVon J.F., Swaan, C.M., Gossner, C.M.
Molecular epidemiology of human pathogens: How to translate breakthroughs into public health practice, Stockholm, November 2011
Palm, D., Johansson, K., Ozin, A., Friedrich, A.W., Grundmann, H., Larsson, J.T., Struelens, M.J.
Strategies for disease-specific programmes 2010–2013
This document sets out the strategic priorities for all six ECDC disease-specific programmes from 2010 to 2013 based on a short description of the epidemiological background, context in which ECDC works on that specific disease or disease group, and defined gaps that require action at the European Union (EU) level.
Technical mission: HIV, STI and viral hepatitis in Bulgaria. 19-21 September 2016 and 14-15 November 2016
The Ministry of Health in Bulgaria invited ECDC to prepare an assessment of the current national HIV programme and to review the STI and Hepatitis surveillance system. Following discussions between ECDC and representatives of the Bulgarian national programme, it was decided to split the assessment into two separate country missions.
Factsheet about seasonal influenza
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.
The use of evidence in decision making during public health emergencies
This report is based upon a workshop (expert consultation) on 5–6 December 2018. The workshop sought to identify and address the links between scientific evidence and decision-making in public health
emergencies, and to address the key challenges faced by public health experts when advising decision makers.
Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.