Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Risk Assessment Brazil 2014 FIFA World Cup, 12 June–13 July 2014
The aim of this document is to assess the health risks related to communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during their stay in Brazil for the 2014 FIFA World Cup (‘Brazil 2014’) and the public health implications for European countries after the travellers’ return to Europe.