Factsheet about diphtheria
Diphtheria is an acute disease caused by toxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae (in some cases also by Corynebacterium ulcerans) bacteria, that is known to colonise mucous membranes.
Gap analysis on securing diphtheria diagnostic capacity and diphtheria antitoxin availability in the EU/EEA
This gap analysis demonstrated that there are significant gaps in diphtheria diagnostic capacity within the EU/EEA, with only six Member States fulfilling the minimum criteria in terms of surveillance, specialised laboratory diagnostics and expertise.
Diphtheria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
For 2017, 39 cases of diphtheria due to toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae or C. ulcerans were reported to ECDC. The highest proportion of C. ulcerans cases was among adults 45 years of age and above, whereas C. diphtheriae cases were more common in younger age groups. Among C. diphtheriae cases, 50% were reported as imported. High vaccination coverage is crucial to prevent diphtheria.
Diphtheria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2015
In 2015, 65 cases of diphtheria caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium species were reported to ECDCp
EU Diphtheria Case Definition: Position Paper, 2002
External quality assessment scheme for diphtheria diagnostics, 2013
This report describes an external quality assessment in 2013 for the laboratory diagnosis of diphtheria under the European Diphtheria Surveillance Network.
External quality assurance scheme for diphtheria diagnostics 2010
This report presents the results of the 2010 EQA exercise that assessed the capabilities of diagnosing diphtheria in 28 reference laboratories across Europe. Participating centres were asked to complete a questionnaire and identify six simulated throat specimens.