Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Legionnaires’ disease in Europe, 2013
This surveillance report is based on the 2013 disease surveillance data collected by the European Legionnaires’ Disease Surveillance Network.
Legionnaires’ disease in Europe 2013
Microsoft Excel file containing 2013 disease surveillance data collected by the European Legionnaire's Disease Surveillance Network and used in ECDC's surveillance report of Legionnaire's disease in Europe 2013.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) – Tuberculosis
This guideline document presents several procedures intended to assist in the evaluation of risk for transmission of tuberculosis on board aircraft.
Travellers' health and infectious diseases on aircraft
As increasing numbers of people travel by air, the potential risk of introduction and spread of infectious diseases by travellers is on the rise. Figures from Eurostat reveal that around 900 million passengers annually are carried on flights within the European Union (EU) alone.
Assessing and planning medical evacuation flights to Europe for patients with Ebola virus disease and people exposed to Ebola virus
The aim of this document is to guide decision-making when there is a perceived need for medical evacuation by air of an Ebola-infected or Ebola-exposed person from an Ebola-affected country to an EU Member State.
Technical guidance on risk assessment guidelines for diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA). Part 2: Operational guidelines - Second edition
In the closed cabin environment of modern airplanes, passengers are frequently exposed to various infectious diseases.
Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus disease epidemic. 10th update, 4 April 2017
This is an updated assessment of the risks associated with the Zika virus epidemic in affected countries, EU Overseas Countries and Territories, and Outermost Regions and in EU Member States within continental Europe.
Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil - 1st update, 13 April 2017
This risk assessment contains updated advice to travellers and health professionals and the latest information on the epidemiological situation of yellow fever in Brazil.
Number of accommodation site visits connected with travel-associated cases of Legionnaires’ disease per destination country, EU/EEA and neighbouring countries, 2013
Legionnaires’ disease in Europe 2013 - Number of accommodation site visits connected with travel-associated cases of Legionnaires’ disease per destination country, EU/EEA and neighbouring countries, 2013 (n=835)