Disease factsheet about poliomyelitis
Poliovirus is highly contagious and infected individuals shed virus in the faeces and from oral secretions, thus the mode of transmission is person-to-person, both via the faecal-oral and the oral-oral routes.
Factsheet for health professionals on monkeypox
Human monkeypox (MPX) is a zoonotic viral disease caused by the Monkeypox virus (MPXV). The clinical presentation is similar to smallpox. Human monkeypox causes outbreaks in the tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa and is not a notifiable disease at the EU/EEA level. Human monkeypox was recognised as a human disease in 1970.
Facts about healthcare-associated infections in long-term care facilities
In Europe, most long-term care facilities are for the elderly, including general nursing homes, residential homes and mixed facilities. In 2013, there were approximately 63 224 care facilities for older adults with a capacity of approximately 3.6 million beds.
Factsheet about West Nile virus infection
West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that is maintained in an enzootic cycle between mosquitoes and birds. Humans and horses are incidental dead-end hosts.
Facts about mumps
Mumps is a viral infection first described by Hippocrates that in its classical form causes acute parotitis and, less frequently, orchitis, meningitis and pneumonia.
Factsheet for experts - Antimicrobial resistance
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (e.g., a bacterium, a virus, or a parasite, such as the malaria parasite) to resist the action of an antimicrobial agent. Multidrug resistance corresponds to resistance of a microorganism to multiple antimicrobials. The major cause of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms from humans remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine, in the community and in hospitals and other healthcare settings.
Aedes aegypti - Factsheet for experts
Aedes aegypti is a known vector of several viruses including yellow fever virus, dengue virus chikungunya virus and Zika virus.
Aedes albopictus - Factsheet for experts
This mosquito species is a known vector of chikungunya virus, dengue virus and dirofilariasis.