Rapid risk assessment: Mass gathering event, FIFA World Cup, Russia 2018
The aim of this document is to assess the health risks related to communicable diseases for EU/EEA citizens during their stay in Russia for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and the public health implications for European countries after travellers return to their countries.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the 2018 Hajj, Saudi Arabia, 19–24 August 2018
This document assesses the potential risk of outbreaks/transmission of communicable diseases during the 2018 Hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Early large increase in West Nile virus infections reported in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries
This rapid risk assessment addresses the public health risk associated with the early occurrence of a large number of West Nile virus infections in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries in 2018.
Rapid risk assessment: Candida auris in healthcare settings – Europe
This rapid risk assessment update appraises the risk for spread of C. auris in hospitals in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – first update
This rapid risk assessment addresses the public health risk associated with the current Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its implications for EU/EEA citizens. This is the first update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 9 August 2018.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster, first update 19 Dec 2016
This rapid risk assessment looks at the detection of an international cluster involving 16 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in asylum seekers.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster - 3rd update, 13 April 2017
A multi-country cluster of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) involving 28 migrants has been delineated by whole genome sequencing (WGS) in migrants recently having arrived from countries in the Horn of Africa.
Rapid risk assessment: Influenza-associated invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, Europe
This report assesses the risk of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) among patients with severe influenza in hospital intensive care units in the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA)
Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease