Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Why we need more collaboration in Europe to enhance post-marketing surveillance of vaccines
Sturkenboom M, Bahri P, Chiucchiuini A, Grove Krause T, HahnÃ© S, Khromava A, Kokki M, Kramarz P, Kurz X, Larson HJ, de Lusignan S, Mahy P, Torcel-Pagnon L, Titievsky L, Bauchau V; ADVANCE consortium..
Tetanus - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 82 cases of tetanus, including 46 confirmed cases, were reported in the EU/EEA. Adults aged 65 years and above were the most affected age group, with females accounting for the majority of the cases. Cases tended to occur more frequently in the warmer months, which are associated with higher levels of outdoor activity. The current epidemiology of tetanus in the EU/EEA may be explained by lower vaccination coverage or waning immunity in older populations. Due to the severity of tetanus, there is a need to maintain high vaccination rates in all age groups and continue implementing/developing strategies to protect specific groups, particularly the elderly, in countries with higher rates of disease.
Vaccination of 50+ adults to promote healthy ageing in Europe: The way forward
Esposito, S., Principi, N., Rezza, G., Bonanni, P., Gavazzi, G., Beyer, I., Sulzner, M., Celentano, L.P., Prymula, R., Rappagliosi, A., Sevilla, J., Poland, G.
Mandatory and recommended vaccination in the EU, Iceland and Norway: Results of the VENICE 2010 survey on the ways of implementing national vaccination programmes
Haverkate, M., D'Ancona, F., Giambi, C., Johansen, K., Lopalco, P.L., Cozza, V., Appelgren, E.
Vaccine-preventable diseases - Annual epidemiological report for 2012
The Annual Epidemiological Report 2014 gives an overview of the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe, drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and health issues for which surveillance is mandatory in the European Union and European Economic Area countries.
Expert opinion on childhood immunisation schedule: Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccination
Current childhood vaccination schedules are the result of historical tradition, compliance with provision of health services and national vaccine registration. They have been designed on the basis of different needs related to how the healthcare system – but also the education system – is organised at national level.