Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Rapid risk assessment: Monkeypox cases in the UK imported by travellers returning from Nigeria, 2018
The risks assessed in this document are of the introduction and further spread of monkeypox in the EU/EEA, infection with regards to different settings (e.g. healthcare, community, etc.) and transmission through SoHO.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Europe – update, 20 November 2014
On 6 November 2014, German authorities reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus A(H5N8) at a holding with 31 000 fattening turkeys in the north-east of Germany.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Europe, 18 November 2016
This Rapid Risk Assessment summarises the epidemiological, virological and environmental information relating to outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype A(H5N8) in Europe up to 15 November 2016.
Floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia: communicable disease risks
The recent floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia caused substantial damage. Following the floods, there is a risk of increased transmission of vector-borne infections to the populations.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Germany, 13 November 2014
This rapid risk assessment details an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A(H5N8) at a turkey holding in Germany reported by the German authorities on 6 November 2014.
Risk assessment: The Public Health Risk from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses Emerging in Europe with Specific Reference to type A/H5N1
The document characterises the risk to human health in Europe from highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in birds and animals. The report identifies areas requiring additional scientific and public health work both as single pieces of work and for risk monitoring by ECDC and its partners.
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes clonal complex 8 infections linked to consumption of cold-smoked fish products
This joint ECDC-EFSA rapid outbreak assessment provides an assessment of the cross-border public health risk related to L. monocytogenes infections linked to the consumption of cold-smoked fish products, possibly originating from a single food processing company.
Avian influenza A/H5N1: Collected risk assessments, technical guidance to public health authorities and advice to the general public
The document determines the risk to human health in Europe from highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in birds and animals and identifies areas requiring additional scientific and public health work both as single pieces of work and for risk monitoring by ECDC and its partners.
Risk assessment: Increased Cryptosporidium infections in the Netherlands, United Kingdom and Germany in 2012
An increase in cryptosporidiosis notifications has been observed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Germany since August 2012 that is likely to be real, and not due to surveillance or notification artefacts.