Rapid risk assessment: Enterovirus 68 detected in the USA, Canada and Europe – Second update, 25 November 2014
In November, France and the United Kingdom both reported sporadic cases of neurological disease involving enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) detection. As a result, ECDC has updated its rapid risk assessment on EV-D68, first triggered by reports from North America. To date, European acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)/enhanced enterovirus surveillance has not detected unusual clusters or unexpected trends.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus 68 detections in the USA and Canada
The EU/EEA countries have a moderate risk of transmission of the Enterovirus D-68 (EV-D68), although no increase of acute respiratory infections or hospital admissions has been reported so far this year, according to a new risk assessment published today by ECDC. The report also indicates that the likelihood for cases to be detected in EU/EEA is low because most countries do not routinely screen for EV-D68, and the disease is not notifiable.
Rapid risk assessment: Meningitis outbreak, Suceava county, Romania, June 2012
An outbreak of aseptic meningitis associated to a kindergarten in Suceava city in northern Romania has been reported. A total of 62 cases of enterovirus have been reported identified in the city and wider district, 53 cases of which have led to aseptic meningitis. ECDC has prepared a rapid risk assessment on the outbreak
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of enterovirus A71 with severe neurological symptoms among children in Catalonia, Spain, 16 June 2016
ECDC has published a rapid risk assessment due to a localised outbreak of neurological symptoms associated with enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) in Catalonia, Spain.
Most EV infections, including EV-A71, result in asymptomatic infection. Most symptomatic EV-A71 infections manifest as a self-limiting hand, foot and mouth disease and only a very small proportion of patients develop severe and life-threatening disease. The current outbreak is notable in terms of its magnitude and the severity of symptoms of the reported cases.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus 68 detected in the USA and Canada - 1st update, 15 October 2014
Since mid-August 2014 local health authorities in the USA have notified the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of 691 laboratory-confirmed enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) infections.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Enterovirus detections associated with severe neurological symptoms in children and adults in European countries, 8 August 2016
Since April 2016, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom (Wales) have reported severe enterovirus infections associated with a variety of different strains. This rapid risk assessment considers the risk for EU/EEA countries related to severe enterovirus infections.