Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in healthcare settings – 8 December 2016
This risk assessment provides an overview of the epidemiological situation in Europe and describes a number of response options.
Rapid risk assessment: Regional outbreak of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Italy, 2018–2019
A large outbreak of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported from the Tuscany region in Italy. Between November 2018 and May 2019, seven Tuscan hospitals notified a total of 350 cases.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 in travellers previously hospitalised in Gran Canaria, Spain
This rapid risk assessment evaluates the risk of transmission and further spread of OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumonia e ST392 from travellers having sought medical care in Gran Canaria to healthcare facilities in their country of origin in the EU/EEA.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - first update
This update of the 2016 ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment on carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) evaluates the risk for patients and healthcare systems in EU/EEA countries due to the global spread of CRE.
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae - second update
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. Hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae strains have been reported presenting an additional threat with a potential for global dissemination. The spread of high risk clones and plasmids carrying carbapenemases in healthcare settings is a major cause of the spread of CRE in EU/EEA countries. Recent events of cross-border importation after patient transfer and large regional outbreaks as well as the worsening epidemiologic situation of carbapenemase-producing CRE in the EU/EEA highlight the high risk for further spread of CRE and the need for enhanced control efforts. Options for control are outlined in the respective section below.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2013–2014 in the EU/EEA countries
This document is a routine and planned risk assessment of the 2013-2014 seasonal influenza in EU/EEA countries. Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2014–2015 in the EU/EEA countries
This risk assessment covers the 2014–2015 influenza season in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).
Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
In the context of five recent events of local malaria transmission in the EU, we assess the risk of malaria spread in the EU.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2012/13 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC has produced an annual risk assessment of the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe since the 2010/11 season following the model developed by ECDC during the 2009 pandemic. It gives an early description of the influenza season in the countries affected earliest, providing guidance and information to countries that are affected later, as influenza progresses across Europe over several months. It describes any specifics of the season, particularly in areas where public health or clinical actions are envisaged, as well as highlights areas of uncertainty where further work is required.
Rapid risk assessment: Mass gathering event, FIFA World Cup, Russia 2018
The aim of this document is to assess the health risks related to communicable diseases for EU/EEA citizens during their stay in Russia for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and the public health implications for European countries after travellers return to their countries.