Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
In the context of five recent events of local malaria transmission in the EU, we assess the risk of malaria spread in the EU.
Rapid risk assessment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France, and associated risk of autochthonous outbreak in the EU/EEA
This update of the risk assessment ‘Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France’ published on 5 July 2018, has been triggered by the significant size of the outbreak and its expected duration, which is anticipated to overlap with high vector activity in the southern EU.
Rapid risk assessment: Dengue outbreak in Réunion, France
This update of the risk assessment published on 16 April 2018 was triggered by the unusual size and duration of the current dengue fever outbreak driven by Ae. albopictus, a mosquito vector present in Réunion and widely distributed in the southern part of EU.
Zika virus and safety of substances of human origin: a guide for preparedness activities in Europe – first update
This first update of the original guide was prompted by the evolution of the Zika virus epidemic, a new classification system for countries/areas, and recent scientific developments.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger, 10 October 2016
This rapid risk assessment monitors the threat posed by Rift Valley fever (RVF) which has been reported in regions of eastern and southern Africa, and in most of the sub-Saharan and West African countries.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Chikungunya case in Spain without travel history to endemic areas, 24 August 2015
On 3 August 2015, Spain notified a case of chikungunya virus infection in a resident of the city of Gandía in the autonomous community of Valencia. On 11 September 2015, authorities in Spain acknowledged that the case was a false positive. This rapid risk assessment reviews the later discarded chikungunya case reported from Spain without travel history to endemic areas and the risk of possible onwards transmission.
Risk assessment: Epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union - Update, 13 July 2012
On 7 and 10 July, the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) reported the first two human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Greece this year. When looking at the epidemiology of WNV infection in Greece since 2010, one can observe a progressive geographical expansion of WNV transmission throughout the country. For this reason, these newly confirmed cases in Athens do not come unexpected.
Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus disease epidemic: potential association with microcephaly and Guillain–Barré syndrome - 4th update, 9 March 2016
This update assesses the risks associated with the Zika virus epidemic currently affecting countries in the Americas. It assesses the association between Zika virus infection and congenital central nervous system malformations, including microcephaly, as well as the association between Zika virus infection and Guillain–Barré syndrome.
Rapid risk assessment: Review of the epidemiological situation of West Nile virus infection in the European Union
In the ongoing 2011 West Nile virus transmission season, cases have been reported from newly affected geographical areas