Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in healthcare settings – 8 December 2016
This risk assessment provides an overview of the epidemiological situation in Europe and describes a number of response options.
Rapid risk assessment: Regional outbreak of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Italy, 2018–2019
A large outbreak of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported from the Tuscany region in Italy. Between November 2018 and May 2019, seven Tuscan hospitals notified a total of 350 cases.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 in travellers previously hospitalised in Gran Canaria, Spain
This rapid risk assessment evaluates the risk of transmission and further spread of OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumonia e ST392 from travellers having sought medical care in Gran Canaria to healthcare facilities in their country of origin in the EU/EEA.
Rapid risk assessment: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae - first update
This update of the 2016 ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment on carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) evaluates the risk for patients and healthcare systems in EU/EEA countries due to the global spread of CRE.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of VIM-producing carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa linked to medical tourism to Mexico
This outbreak of Verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (VIM-CRPA) surgical site infections, related to invasive procedures performed in healthcare facilities in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, highlights the risks associated with medical tourism for patients and healthcare systems in the countries of origin.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in Lithuania, 2019
Between 1st February and 26th November 2019, 199 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (KPC-CRE) have been detected in Lithuania.
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae - second update
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. Hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae strains have been reported presenting an additional threat with a potential for global dissemination. The spread of high risk clones and plasmids carrying carbapenemases in healthcare settings is a major cause of the spread of CRE in EU/EEA countries. Recent events of cross-border importation after patient transfer and large regional outbreaks as well as the worsening epidemiologic situation of carbapenemase-producing CRE in the EU/EEA highlight the high risk for further spread of CRE and the need for enhanced control efforts. Options for control are outlined in the respective section below.
Rapid risk assessment: Emergence of resistance to ceftazidime-avibactam in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This risk assessment will discuss CAZ-AVI resistance in brief, review the recent literature reporting resistance of CRE to CAZ-AVI, and assess the risk for the EU/EEA countries.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2011–2012 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC produces an annual risk assessment for the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe. This is following both a recommendation in the report on the handling of the 2009 pandemic adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2011 and the model developed by ECDC during that pandemic. The first EU seasonal influenza risk assessment was published in January 2011, following the start of the influenza season in late November 2010. In 2012, the season started later than in most years, with the first five countries exceeding their epidemic threshold in week 3/2012.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2013–2014 in the EU/EEA countries
This document is a routine and planned risk assessment of the 2013-2014 seasonal influenza in EU/EEA countries. Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza.