Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Review of outbreaks and barriers to MMR vaccination coverage among hard to reach populations in European countries
In recent years, substantial progress had been made towards eliminating measles, mumps and rubella in Europe. Measles vaccine coverage is on the rise and measles cases decreasing in many countries. However, there have still been several large outbreaks of measles, mumps and rubella reported in European countries.
Conducting health communication activities on MMR vaccination
This guide presents the reader with a host of ideas on how to effectively communicate on all issues that relate to measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination.
Systematic review on the incubation and infectiousness/shedding period of communicable diseases in children
Illnesses caused by infectious diseases are common in children in schools or other childcare settings. Currently there is no common EU approach to the control of communicable diseases in schools or other childcare settings, and existing information is uncertain.