Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2013–2014 in the EU/EEA countries
This document is a routine and planned risk assessment of the 2013-2014 seasonal influenza in EU/EEA countries. Active circulation of influenza has started late in Europe in the 2013-2014 season, with a different timing across EU/EEA countries, states the annual ECDC risk assessment on seasonal influenza.
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2014–2015 in the EU/EEA countries
This risk assessment covers the 2014–2015 influenza season in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).
Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2012/13 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)
ECDC has produced an annual risk assessment of the seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe since the 2010/11 season following the model developed by ECDC during the 2009 pandemic. It gives an early description of the influenza season in the countries affected earliest, providing guidance and information to countries that are affected later, as influenza progresses across Europe over several months. It describes any specifics of the season, particularly in areas where public health or clinical actions are envisaged, as well as highlights areas of uncertainty where further work is required.
Threat Assessment Brief: Eurasian avian-like A(H1N1) swine influenza viruses
A recently published study conducted between 2011 and 2018 in China, and based on surveillance data in pigs, identified an emerging genotype 4 (G4) reassortant Eurasian avian-like (EA) A(H1N1) swine influenza virus that contains internal genes from the human A(H1N1)pdm09 and North American triple-reassortant (TR) lineage-derived internal genes.
Risk assessment update: seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2016–2017
This updated risk assessment provides an overview of the current influenza situation in Europe.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August – 4 September 2017
This document assesses the potential risk of outbreaks and transmission of communicable diseases during the Hajj taking place between 30 August and 4 September 2017.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Resurgence of reported cases of COVID 19 in the EU/EEA, the UK and EU candidate and potential candidate countries
While decreasing trends in disease incidence are being observed in Europe overall (12% decrease in 14-day incidence of reported cases between 16 and 30 June), there is still community transmission reported in most EU/EEA countries, the UK and EU candidate and potential candidate countries. Additionally, some countries are reporting a resurgence of observed cases or large localised outbreaks.
COVID-19 Rail Protocol: Recommendations for safe resumption of railway services in Europe
The European Union Agency’s for Railways (ERA), the European Commission and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have developed the following COVID-19 railway protocol, outlining the operational guidelines for the resumption of railway operations in Europe.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
As of 18 July 2013, 88 confirmed cases of MERS-CoV had been reported worldwide of which 45 have been fatal. To date, all cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have had direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia has reported 68 cases including 38 deaths. Thirteen cases have been reported from outside of the Middle East. These 13 cases resulted from seven separate chains of transmission. The primary case for each chain had been infected in the Middle East.
Rapid risk assessment: Enterovirus 68 detected in the USA, Canada and Europe – Second update, 25 November 2014
In November, France and the United Kingdom both reported sporadic cases of neurological disease involving enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) detection. As a result, ECDC has updated its rapid risk assessment on EV-D68, first triggered by reports from North America. To date, European acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)/enhanced enterovirus surveillance has not detected unusual clusters or unexpected trends.