Travellers' health and infectious diseases on aircraft
As increasing numbers of people travel by air, the potential risk of introduction and spread of infectious diseases by travellers is on the rise. Figures from Eurostat reveal that around 900 million passengers annually are carried on flights within the European Union (EU) alone.
Protocols for cohort database studies to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness in the EU and EEA Member States
Mission Report, Tuberculosis in Latvia, 22 – 26 October 2012
Report of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the national tuberculosis programme in Bulgaria
This report outlines the results of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the Bulgarian National Tuberculosis Control Programme.
Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union - Updated 2018
This handbook provides network members and other laboratories involved in the diagnosis of tuberculosis, with an agreed list of key diagnostic methods and their protocols in various areas of TB diagnosis.
Toolkit for investigation of cases of Avian influenza in humans
In order to increase preparedness to respond to possible cases and clusters of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A/H5N1 in humans in Europe, the ECDC has prepared a toolkit for the European Union member states.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.
Technical guidance on risk assessment guidelines for diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA). Part 2: Operational guidelines - Second edition
In the closed cabin environment of modern airplanes, passengers are frequently exposed to various infectious diseases.
Risk assessment guidelines for diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Part 2: Operational guidelines for assisting the evaluation of risk for transmission by disease
In June 2009, ECDC convened a technical expert consultation that focused on tuberculosis, new emerging airborne diseases (e.g. SARS) and meningococcal infections. This consultation was the second of a two-part process intended to assist national authorities in the EU Member States in the assessment of risks associated with the transmission of various infectious agents on board airplanes.