Rapid risk assessment: Cholera outbreak in Algeria, 2018
As of 30 August 2018, Algeria has reported 74 confirmed cholera cases from six northern and coastal areas of the country. This is the first cholera outbreak reported in Algeria in more than 20 years.
Rapid risk assessment: human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 23 December 2014
According to a WHO update published on 4 December 2014, eight new human cases of influenza A(H5N1) have been reported in Egypt, with onset of disease in November 2014, bringing the total for 2014 to 12.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Niger, 10 October 2016
This rapid risk assessment monitors the threat posed by Rift Valley fever (RVF) which has been reported in regions of eastern and southern Africa, and in most of the sub-Saharan and West African countries.
Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt - 1st update, 13 March 2015
Human cases and fatalities due to influenza A(H5N1) virus continue to increase in Egypt, with cases from the country now accounting for the highest number of human cases reported worldwide.
Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 21st update, 21 October 2015
This 21st update of ECDC’s risk assessment on MERS-CoV has been triggered by an increase in MERS cases acquired through nosocomial transmission in Amman, Jordan.
Outbreak of hepatitis A virus infection in travellers returning from Egypt
Between 1 November 2012 and 30 April 2013, 15 confirmed cases of hepatitis A virus infections with subgenotype IB and identical RNA sequence, and 89 probable cases, have been reported in 14 EU/EFTA countries. All cases have a travel history to Egypt.
Rapid risk assessment: Transmission of Foot and Mouth disease to humans visiting affected areas
The risk of Foot and Mouth disease being transmitted to humans visiting affected areas is extremely low, if consumption of pasteurised milk, dairy products or unprocessed meat from infected animals and direct contact with such animals is avoided.
Outbreak of measles in Ukraine and potential for spread in the EU, 2012
A rapid risk assement on the risk of measles for visitors to Ukraine, particularly during the UEFA European Football Championship, EURO 2012, and the potential spread of infection within the EU.
Risk assessment: Wild-type poliovirus 1 transmission in Israel – what is the risk to Europe?
The EU/EEA countries and the rest of the WHO European Region, have been officially polio-free since 2002. However, wild-type polio virus 1 (WPV1) has been isolated in sewage and in the faeces of asymptomatic carriers in Israel since February 2013. In this risk assessment ECDC looks at the potential impact of this public health event on the risk of poliovirus being imported and re-established into circulation in EU/EEA.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus
New and noteworthy in this update: the retrospective identification of novel coronavirus in biological samples from two fatal cases in Jordan (April 2012) and the results of a joint ECDC/WHO survey which confirms that EU/EEA Member States have an adequate capacity to detect novel coronavirus through their network of national reference laboratories: 18 of 30 in EU/EEA countries are capable of confirming positive screened samples by either ORF1b RT-PCR or other target RT-PCR assays with sequence analysis or whole-genome sequence analysis.