Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Rapid risk assessment: Meningitis outbreak, Suceava county, Romania, June 2012
An outbreak of aseptic meningitis associated to a kindergarten in Suceava city in northern Romania has been reported. A total of 62 cases of enterovirus have been reported identified in the city and wider district, 53 cases of which have led to aseptic meningitis. ECDC has prepared a rapid risk assessment on the outbreak
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease in the EU associated with a mass gathering event in Japan, 21 August 2015
This rapid risk assessment considers the risk to the EU of an outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease in the UK and Sweden associated with the 23rd World Scout Jamboree in Japan.
Risk assessment guidelines for diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Part 2: Operational guidelines for assisting the evaluation of risk for transmission by disease
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft
In the closed cabin environment of modern airplanes, passengers are frequently exposed to various infectious diseases. This report looks at 12 infectious diseases and, by systematically evaluating literature on on-board transmission, attempts to assess the risk of infection via air circulation in airplanes.
These guidelines are complemented by operational guidelines in relation to tuberculosis, new emerging airborne diseases (e.g. SARS) and meningococcal infections.
Rapid Risk Assessment: invasive meningococcal disease among men who have sex with men
This rapid risk assessment provides a series of conclusions and recommendations based on the analysis of several European cases of invasive meningococcal disease among men who have sex with men caused by N. meningitidis serogroup C.