Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of plague in Madagascar, 2017
Since 23 August 2017 Madagascar has been experiencing an outbreak of plague, and as of 3 October 2017, 194 cases and 30 deaths (case fatality rate 15.5%) have been reported.
Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes clonal complex 8 infections linked to consumption of cold-smoked fish products
This joint ECDC-EFSA rapid outbreak assessment provides an assessment of the cross-border public health risk related to L. monocytogenes infections linked to the consumption of cold-smoked fish products, possibly originating from a single food processing company.
Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Poona infections linked to consumption of infant formula
This document provides an assessment of the cross-border public health risk related to the outbreak of Salmonella Poona infections in infants and young children linked to consumption of infant formula.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of pneumonic plague in Madagascar: recent introduction in the Seychelles
Madagascar has been experiencing an outbreak of plague since 23 August 2017, and 560 cases and 57 deaths (case fatality rate 10.1%) have been reported as of 12 October 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IVb, multi-locus sequence type 6, infections linked to frozen corn and possibly to other frozen vegetables – first update
This document provides an updated assessment of the cross-border public health risk associated with consumption of frozen corn and possibly linked to other frozen vegetables contaminated with L. monocytogenes.
Joint rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to Polish eggs
This document provides an assessment of the public health risk associated with a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis, which is epidemiologically and microbiologically linked to contaminated eggs from Poland, and can be characterised by at least six MLVA profiles and four clusters defined by WGS (PHE SNP analysis).
Increase in Salmonella Stourbridge infections in Germany during 2016 – 16 December 2016
This rapid risk assessment looks at the reported increase in the number of Salmonella Stourbridge cases in Germany and other EU countries during the second half of 2016.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage types 56 and 62, MLVA profile 2-11-3-3-2 and 2-12-3-3-2 infections, 20 July 2017
A multi-country outbreak of S. Enteritidis delineated through whole genome sequencing analysis is currently ongoing, with 314 confirmed cases in Austria, France, Ireland, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom.
Rapid risk assessment on influenza A(H7N9) China, 12 April 2013
On 31 March 2013, Chinese authorities announced the identification of a novel reassortant A(H7N9) influenza virus isolated from three unlinked cases of severe respiratory disease in eastern China. This is the first time that human infection with avian influenza virus A(H7N9) has been identified.
Since then, human cases have continued to be reported from eastern China. As of 11 April, there were 38 laboratory-confirmed cases including ten deaths reported from four bordering provinces with a concentration of cases in and around Shanghai. Cases occur sporadically, without obvious epidemiological links. There is currently no confirmed human-to-human transmission.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Wound botulism among people who inject heroin in Norway
At the request of the European Commission, ECDC performed a risk assessment after six cases of wound botulism were reported in Norway among people who had injected heroin. As this is an ongoing problem, some relevant measures are proposed for consideration by other EU/EEA Member States.