Travellers' health and infectious diseases on aircraft
As increasing numbers of people travel by air, the potential risk of introduction and spread of infectious diseases by travellers is on the rise. Figures from Eurostat reveal that around 900 million passengers annually are carried on flights within the European Union (EU) alone.
Options for national testing and surveillance for hepatitis E virus in the EU/EEA - Operational guidance
This operational guidance, developed by ECDC in collaboration with its hepatitis E virus (HEV) expert group, offers options on the implementation or adjustment of HEV surveillance at a national level.
HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in the EU/EEA and the UK: implementation, standards and monitoring
This operational guidance document provides practical recommendations and key considerations to inform the development and
implementation of PrEP programmes at national and sub-national levels throughout the EU/EEA.
Toolkit to support the generation of robust estimates of hepatitis C prevalence
European surveillance data show on-going transmission of viral hepatitis across the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA). The available notification data however, do not provide a clear epidemiological picture of hepatitis C in Europe. Prevalence data from population surveys are a key source of information to complement the surveillance data for hepatitis C due to the limitations of surveillance for hepatitis: the infection is often asymptomatic and notifications are strongly influenced by local testing practices. The overarching aim of this toolkit is to gain a better understanding of the HCV epidemiology in the EU/EEA.
Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction
This document summarises evidence from studies included in the licensing file of HPV vaccines together with postlicensure, peer-reviewed data and analysis where available. This guidance does not address the safety of HPV vaccines observed during the pre- and post-licensing period.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza
This report which is part of the RAGIDA project (Risk Assessment Guidance for Infectious Diseases transmitted on Aircraft) provides viable options for decision-makers when faced with the choice of whether to contact trace air travellers and crew that were potentially exposed to infectious diseases during a flight.
- Avian influenza virus
- Infectious diseases on aircrafts
- Influenza A (H1N1)2009
- Influenza A(H5N1) virus
- Influenza A(H5N2) virus
- Influenza A(H5N8) virus
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Influenza in humans, avian origin
- Influenza in humans, pandemic
- Influenza in humans, seasonal
- Influenza in humans, swine origin
- Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA)
- Travellers' health
HEPSA – health emergency preparedness self-assessment tool, User guide
HEPSA is used to evaluate levels of preparedness, identify potential gaps, identify vulnerabilities, and detect areas for improvement – with the goal to strengthen overall preparedness capacities for public health emergencies. This user guide provides basic information on the self-assessment process.
Handbook on simulation exercises in EU public health settings
The purpose of this simulation exercise handbook is to support organisations in the public health sector in strengthening their response to events involving communicable diseases, based on effective simulation exercises as a part of preparedness.
Operational considerations for influenza surveillance in the WHO European Region during COVID-19: interim guidance
This document outlines operational considerations for how to support the continuity of national influenza surveillance systems and public health laboratories for the epidemiological and virological surveillance for influenza in the 2020–2021 season during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.