Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
Potential adjustment methodology for missing data and reporting delay in the HIV surveillance system, European Union/European Economic Area, 2015
Rosinska, M., Pantazis, N., Janiec, J., Pharris, A., Amato-Gauci, A.J., Quinten, C., Schmid, D., Sasse, A., van Beckhoven, D., Varleva, T., Blazic, T.N., Hadjihannas, L., Koliou, M., Maly, M., Cowan, S., Rüütel, K., Liitsola, K., Salminen, M., Cazein, F., Pillonel, J., Lot, F., Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B., Nikolopoulos, G., Paraskeva, D., Dudas, M., Briem, H., Sigmundsdottir, G., Igoe, D., O’Donnell, K., O’Flanagan, D., Suligoi, B., Konova, Š., Erne, S., Čaplinskienė, I., Schmit, A.F.J.-C., Melillo, J.M., Melillo, T., de Coul, E.O., van Sighem, A., Blystad, H., Rosinska, M., Aldir, I., Martins, H.C., Mardarescu, M., Truska, P., Klavs, I., Diaz, A., Axelsson, M., Delpech, V.
Technical mission: HIV, STI and viral hepatitis in Bulgaria. 19-21 September 2016 and 14-15 November 2016
The Ministry of Health in Bulgaria invited ECDC to prepare an assessment of the current national HIV programme and to review the STI and Hepatitis surveillance system. Following discussions between ECDC and representatives of the Bulgarian national programme, it was decided to split the assessment into two separate country missions.