West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - outbreaks among equids and/or birds, updated 4 October
This week 15 outbreaks among equids were reported to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) by Germany (5), Greece (3), France (2), Hungary (2), Italy (2) and Spain (1). 55 outbreaks among equids and 48 among birds were reported to ADNS in 2019.
West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - infections among humans and outbreaks among equids and/or birds, updated 4 October
Between 27 September and 3 October 2019, EU Member States reported 29 human cases. No cases were reported from EU neighbouring countries. 15 outbreaks among equids were reported.
Rapid risk assessment: Autochthonous cases of dengue in Spain and France
Three autochthonous cases of dengue have been reported in France and Spain. The probability of further local sustained transmission remains very low, both in Spain and in France. Environmental conditions will become progressively less suitable for transmission over the autumn season.
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae - second update
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. Hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae strains have been reported presenting an additional threat with a potential for global dissemination. The spread of high risk clones and plasmids carrying carbapenemases in healthcare settings is a major cause of the spread of CRE in EU/EEA countries. Recent events of cross-border importation after patient transfer and large regional outbreaks as well as the worsening epidemiologic situation of carbapenemase-producing CRE in the EU/EEA highlight the high risk for further spread of CRE and the need for enhanced control efforts. Options for control are outlined in the respective section below.
Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 September 2019, week 39
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period from 22 to 28 September 2019 and includes updates on West Nile virus infection, local transmission of dengue fever in France, Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and cholera.
West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - human cases compared to previous seasons, updated 27 September
Since the beginning of the 2019 transmission season and as of 26 September 2019, EU Member States and EU neighbouring countries reported 375 human infections. EU Member States reported 343 cases in Greece (208), Romania (57), Italy (28), Hungary (24), Cyprus (16), Austria (4), Bulgaria (4), France (1) and Slovakia (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 32 human cases in Serbia (20), Turkey (7) and North Macedonia (5).
West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - human and equine cases, updated 27 September 2019
Between 20 and 26 September 2019, EU Member States reported 26 human cases in Greece (14), Hungary (6) and Romania (6). EU neighbouring countries reported seven cases in Serbia (5) and North Macedonia (2). All human cases were reported from areas that have been affected previously. This week, one death was reported by Romania (1). In the same week, five outbreaks among equids were reported to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) by Germany (3), Austria (1) and France (1).
Avian influenza overview February – August 2019
Between 16 February and 15 August 2019, five HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks at poultry establishments in Bulgaria, two low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H5N1) outbreaks in poultry in Denmark and one in captive birds in Germany, one LPAI A(H7N3) outbreak in poultry in Italy and one LPAI A(H7N7) outbreak in poultry in Denmark were reported in Europe.