Prevention and control measures for Rift Valley fever
Vaccination of ruminants is the favoured method of preventing human disease. The inactivated RVF vaccine provides a lower level of protection. Other measures include a ban on slaughtering ruminants and avoiding mosquito bites.
Prevention and control measures for Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever
Prevention and control of Alkhumra infection is achieved by avoiding or minimising the exposure to infected ticks, to the blood of animals during slaughtering activities and by avoiding consumption of non-pasteurized milk.
Personal protective measures (non-pharmaceutical) for reducing the risk of acquiring or transmitting human influenza
In the absence of a specific vaccine, there are a number of personal measures that people may take to reduce their risk of acquiring influenza. Influenza is a viral infection that spreads from person to person principally when people cough or sneeze, or by direct or indirect contact with respiratory secretions from infectious persons that are on their hands or on surfaces. The following recommendations are based in part on evidence from studies and in part on judgement based on public health experience.