Public health guidance on management of contacts of MDR TB and XDR TB patients
The goal of this guidance is to contribute towards preventing as many MDR TB and XDR TB cases as possible in the EU/EEA. Given that MDR TB and XDR TB is becoming more prevalent, the issue of how to manage contacts of MDR TB patients is becoming increasingly relevant. The specific aim of this document is to provide guidance on issues relevant to the management of contacts of MDR TB and XDR TB patients.
Novel approaches to testing for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and hepatitis B and C in Europe
This report focuses on novel approaches to testing for sexually transmitted infections, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus that are relevant for the prevention and control of these infections at EU/EEA level.
ERLN-TB expert opinion on the use of the rapid molecular assays for the diagnosis of tuberculosis and detection of drug resistance
According to this report, the use of rapid molecular assays has diagnostic value in tuberculosis (TB) identification and detection of drug resistance, although there is not enough evidence to recommend these tools in all populations and situations and they should not replace standard diagnostic methods.
Review of the scientific literature on drivers and barriers of seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in the EU/EEA
The report aims to provide a critical review of evidence on the barriers and drivers of seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in the EU/EEA. The report focuses on high-risk groups where high coverage of seasonal flu vaccination is most important. The 2009 Council of the European Union Recommendation on seasonal influenza vaccination encourages countries to implement measures that would increase seasonal influenza vaccination uptake to at least 75% for defined older age groups, and, if possible, for other risk groups. In support of this, the ECDC report summarises the evidence on what are the barriers and what are the drivers for seasonal influenza vaccination by each risk group
Public health guidance on investigation and control of tuberculosis incidents affecting children in congregate settings
This report aims to bring the different components of generic outbreak management and tuberculosis specific policies and guidelines together, to develop a more comprehensive package of guidance to capture the elements that are specific for TB incidents affecting children in congregate settings.
Report of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the national tuberculosis programme in Bulgaria
This report outlines the results of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the Bulgarian National Tuberculosis Control Programme.
Tuberculosis in Europe: from passive control to active elimination – high- and low-incidence countries
This four-page evidence brief provides an overview of tuberculosis control and elimination efforts in the EU/EEA, with a particular focus on the epidemiological differences between high- and low-incidence countries.
HIV and hepatitis B and C in Latvia
At the request of the Ministry of Health in Riga, a team of experts from ECDC and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction paid a technical visit to Latvia on 2–4 September 2014.
Public health guidance on HIV and STI prevention among men who have sex with men
This guidance, based on a systematic review of the literature and expert opinion, suggests that there is good evidence to ensure that some key components are considered for inclusion in national and sub-national public health programmes in countries in Europe.
Expert opinion on priority risk groups for influenza vaccination
This paper identifies and describes population groups at increased risk for severe outcomes of influenza (“risk groups”) and advocates vaccination for two major groups, namely a) persons in the older age group, usually 65 years and older; and b) persons with chronic medical conditions.