Risk assessment: Laboratory-created A(H5N1) viruses transmissible between ferrets
The results of two, as yet unpublished, investigations of laboratory-induced genetic changes in avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses have been reported to have found that a surprisingly few number of changes make the viruses transmissible between ferrets, the most commonly used model for the way influenza behaves in humans. The possibility that this could have resulted in the development in laboratories of A(H5N1) influenza viruses transmissible between humans has caused concern for public safety and generated unusually high levels of debate in the scientific community. This report summarises and explains the complex public health and scientific issues around these developments including the positive and negative aspects of some of the responses that have been proposed internationally.
Rapid risk assessment: multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster - 2nd update, 27 March 2017
This second update provides information regarding the risk of EU transmission of an MDR TB clone initially detected in seven asylum seekers from the Horn of Africa who currently reside in Switzerland.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster - 3rd update, 13 April 2017
A multi-country cluster of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) involving 28 migrants has been delineated by whole genome sequencing (WGS) in migrants recently having arrived from countries in the Horn of Africa.
A cluster of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among patients arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa: a molecular epidemiological study
Walker, T.M., Merker, M., Knoblauch, A.M., Helbling, P., Schoch, O.D., van der Werf, M.J., Kranzer, K., Fiebig, L., Kröger, S., Haas, W., Hoffmann, H., Indra, A., Egli, A., Cirillo, D.M., Robert, J., Rogers, T.R., Groenheit, R., Mengshoel, A.T., Mathys, V., Haanperä, M., Soolingen, D.V., Niemann, S., Böttger, E.C., Keller, P.M., Avsar, K., Bauer, C., Bernasconi, E., Borroni, E., Brusin, S., Coscollá Dévis, M., Crook, D.W., Dedicoat, M., Fitzgibbon, M., Gagneux, S., Geiger, F., Guthmann, J.-P., Hendrickx, D., Hoffmann-Thiel, S., van Ingen, J., Jackson, S., Jaton, K., Lange, C., Mazza Stalder, J., O'Donnell, J., Opota, O., Peto, T.E.A., Preiswerk, B., Roycroft, E., Sato, M., Schacher, R., Schulthess, B., Smith, E.G., Soini, H., Sougakoff, W., Tagliani, E., Utpatel, C., Veziris, N., Wagner-Wiening, C., Witschi, M.
Cross-border outbreak of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis linked to a university in Romania
Popovici, O., Monk, P., Chemtob, D., Chiotan, D., Freidlin, P.J., Groenheit, R., Haanperä, M., Homorodean, D., Mansjö, M., Robinson, E., Rorman, E., Smith, G., Soini, H., Van Der Werf, M.J.
Yellow fever in the diagnostics laboratory review-article
Domingo, C., Charrel, R.N., Schmidt-Chanasit, J., Zeller, H., Reusken, C.