Diagnostic preparedness in Europe for detection of avian influenza A(H7N9) viruses
In China, a novel avian-origin reassortant influenza A(H7N9) virus has been detected in a number of human cases.
Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Joint European pandemic preparedness self-assessment indicators
This set of pandemic preparedness indicators is designed to assist Member States with the assessment of their pandemic preparedness in order to identify gaps, prioritise future investment and monitor progress in those areas that, by international consensus, are deemed the most important.
Types of seasonal influenza vaccine
Injected trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines are most commonly used throughout the world. Influenza antigen preparation varies between manufacturers. The inactivated influenza vaccines available in the EU/EEA may contain either split virion influenza virus products or subunit influenza products.