Risk assessment: Outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) in Germany
At the request of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Consumers, a rapid risk assessment has been prepared concerning the outbreak of E Coli in Germany.
Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in humans, food and animals in the EU/EEA, with special reference to the German outbreak strain STEC O104
This joint report, produced by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), aims to give a short summary of reported Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) prevalence and incidence in humans, food and animals.
Outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) in Germany, May 2011
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a group of pathogenic Escherichia coli strains capable of producing Shiga toxins, with the potential to cause severe enteric and systemic disease in humans.
Revised risk assessment: Outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) in Germany
An update of the initial rapid risk assessment on the outbreak of E. Coli in Germany, prepared at the request of the European Commission, first published on 27 May 2011.
Rapid risk assessment update: Outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O104:H4 2011 in the EU, 8 July 2011
This document is an update of the EFSA/ECDC joint rapid risk assessment of 29 June and aims to add new information to this and earlier initial rapid risk assessments (27 May and 14 June 2011).
Rapid risk assessment: Potential resurgence of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza
The increased reports of A(H5N1) outbreaks in poultry and wild bird populations, and the emergence of a further evolved lineage of the virus in poultry in some countries, do not change the current assessment of the risk to human health.
Rapid risk assessment: A(H5N1) Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Egypt – Implications for human health in Europe
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) infections are continuing to occur in poultry and humans in Egypt. However there is no evidence of a significant change in the pattern of human illness and deaths related to A(H5N1) virus infections in the country. Certainly there are no epidemiological data or analyses consistent with adaptation of these viruses to humans.
ECDC rapid risk assessment: Reassortment seasonal influenza virus and swine influenza virus
New strain of swine influenza identified in two workers on a pig farm in Canada. Swine influenza (SI) is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract in pigs. Subclinical infections are also common. The mortality is low and recovery usually occurs within 7-10 days.
ECDC rapid risk assessment: Human cases of swine influenza without apparent exposure to pigs, United States and Mexico
On April 21, the United States reported on the existence of 2 human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) infection. On 23 April, through intensified surveillance efforts, a total of 7 confirmed human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) infection, were reported.