Second expert consultation on tick-borne diseases with emphasis on Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis
Epidemiological situation of tick-borne encephalitis in the European Union and European Free Trade Association countries
The report summarises existing information on the occurrence of TBE to obtain a better understanding of the current magnitude of TBE in the European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries.
Epidemiological situation of rickettsioses in EU/EFTA countries
This report characterises the different reporting systems for tick-borne rickettsioses in EU/EFTA countries and identifies and assesses the current epidemiological situation of these diseases. It is the first attempt to collect existing data on rickettsioses in EU/EFTA countries.
TBE Key risk areas: TBE average annual incidence rate per 100 000 inhabitants in the EU/EFTA at lower administrative level NUTS 2 (Italy) or NUTS 3
The key risk areas for TBE are located in central and eastern Europe and the Baltic and Nordic countries.
TBE Key risk groups: Number of TBE cases, regardless of the applied case definition, by age group and gender reported in 16 EU/EFTA countries, 2000–2010 (n= 22 378)
In Europe, TBE cases occurred more commonly among men than women and the number of reported cases increased with age.
TBE Cases by year: Number of TBE cases, regardless of the applied case definition, by year reported in 16 EU/EFTA countries, 2000–2010 (n= 29 381)
During the 2000–2010 period, the overall number of reported TBE cases (all case definitions combined) stayed relatively stable, with notable increases in 2003, 2006 and 2009–2010. The Czech Republic reported 25% of all reported cases, Lithuania 15%, Latvia and Germany 11% each and Slovenia 10%.
TBE Seasonality: Number of TBE cases, regardless of the applied case definition, by month of onset reported in nine EU/EFTA countries, 2000–2010 (n= 7 083)
The majority of cases reported during 2000–2010 showed disease onset between July and October.