Disease facts about seasonal influenza
Seasonal influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease that each year infects approximately ten to thirty per cent of Europe's population, and causes hundreds of thousands of hospitalisations across Europe.
Facts about severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a life-threatening respiratory disease caused by a recently identified coronavirus; the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). This is believed to be an animal virus that recently crossed the species barrier to infect humans.
Facts about tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease that can be fatal. It most commonly affects the lungs.
Timeline on the pandemic (H1N1) 2009
This timeline of the 2009 Influenza Pandemic runs from the first described cases in California in April 2009 to July 10th 2010 when the WHO Director General declared that the pandemic was over. It describes events from the perspective of European Union and European Economic Area institutions and countries. However it also contains global events of relevance to Europe, such as declarations of phase changes. Where possible, links are given to primary published documentation. Events, decisions and meetings taking place at a European Level are especially emphasised.
Seasonal influenza vaccination strategies
The immunity that is elicited by influenza vaccines is not as long lived as the immunity following natural influenza infection. This is especially so for individuals in the so-called risk groups, hence people have to be vaccinated annually. There are three influenza immunisation strategies used in Europe: to protect the vulnerable, to protect healthy children, adolescents and adults and to reduce overall influenza transmission.
Disease facts about Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a new beta virus strain of an animal coronavirus that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012. This novel coronavirus differs from the previously identified coronaviruses such as the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), which caused the 2003 SARS outbreaks.
ECDC is currently updating the contents of this page in the light of the rapid development during the nCoV outbreak.