West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - human cases, updated 15 November 2019
Between 8 and 14 November 2019, EU Member States reported a total of six human cases of West Nile virus infections: 5 in Italy and 1 in Germany. No cases were reported from EU neighbouring countries. A human case was reported for the first time from a new area in Germany: in Leipzig, Kreisfreie Stadt. This week, three deaths were reported by Greece (2) and Romania (1).
West Nile virus in Europe in 2019 - outbreaks among equids and/or birds, updated 15 November 2019
Between 8 and 14 November 2019, three outbreaks among equids were reported to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) by France (2) and Germany (1). During the current transmission season, 88 outbreaks among equids have been reported by Germany (30), Greece (21), France (13), Italy (8), Hungary (7), Austria (4), Spain (4) and Portugal (1). In addition, Germany reported 53 outbreaks among birds to ADNS.
A spatial modelling method for vector surveillance
Vector borne diseases are a specific group of infectious diseases that are a (re-)emerging threat to Europe.
One important aspect of preparedness for vector borne diseases is the surveillance of the introduction, establishment and spread of the main disease vectors. ECDC regularly publishes updated vector distribution maps at the NUTS3 level.
This document describes a methodology to estimate the vector distribution status for those NUTS3 units for which observations are not yet available . These estimates are produced with spatial modelling techniques, using the currently available distributions to calibrate the modelling process. This document provides an overview of gap analysis procedures, sets out the full methodology, and also provide s details of which methodological components were used with each output provided.
Smallpox - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
Smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. There were no reports of confirmed or possible smallpox in the EU/EEA or other countries for 2018.
Tularaemia Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
For 2018, 18 countries in the EU/EEA reported 441 cases of tularaemia, 358 (81%) of which were confirmed. The EU/EEA notification rate for 2018 was 0.07 cases per 100 000 population. The male-to-female ratio was 1.7:1. As in previous years, the notification rate among males was higher in most age groups except for the age groups between 5 and 24 years. Notification rates increased with age and peaked at 45–64 years.
Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, November 2019
The monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019. Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for September 2019, of which 280 cases were reported by 17 countries; 12 countries reported no cases. Overall, case numbers continued to decrease compared with the previous two months. Romania and France had the highest case counts with 112 and 56 cases, respectively. Notable decreases were reported in France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Lithuania.