Syphilis and congenital syphilis in Europe - A review of epidemiological trends (2007–2018) and options for response
Since 2010, syphilis notification rates in the EU/EAA have been on the increase, but in recent years this trend seems to accelerate, predominantly among men having sex with men. Similar trends have been observed in high-income countries outside the EU/EAA. While the overall trend remained relatively stable, outbreaks or clusters of syphilis cases have also been reported among heterosexual populations in the EU/EEA. In several high-income countries (e.g. USA, Japan), increases in congenital syphilis occurred in connection with increases in syphilis notifications among women.
The use of evidence in decision making during public health emergencies
This report is based upon a workshop (expert consultation) on 5–6 December 2018. The workshop sought to identify and address the links between scientific evidence and decision-making in public health
emergencies, and to address the key challenges faced by public health experts when advising decision makers.
Strategies for the surveillance of COVID-19
This document proposes an updated strategy for COVID-19 surveillance at national and EU/EEA level that specifically aims to reconcile the data needs for effective pandemic response with what is still feasible in countries and within healthcare systems under siege, while taking into account guidance issued by the World Health Organization.
Conducting in-action and after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19
This document aims to support the implementation of after-action reviews (AARs) and in-action reviews (IARs) focused on the public health response to COVID-19.
Guidance for health system contingency planning during widespread transmission of SARS-CoV-2 with high impact on healthcare services
This document aims to support public health preparedness planning and response activities when advising healthcare services on approaches on how to increase capacity for managing COVID-19 cases in the context of widespread sustained SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a particular community.
Population-wide testing of SARS-CoV-2: country experiences and potential approaches in the EU/EEA and the United Kingdom
This document summarises country experiences and perspectives relating to the objective and application of different population-wide testing approaches and discusses the options in the context of the EU/EEA and the UK.
Contact tracing for COVID-19: current evidence, options for scale-up and an assessment of resources needed
This document outlines a number of resource measures including the use of well-trained non-public-health staff and volunteers; repurposing existing resources such as call centres; reducing the intensity of contact follow-up and using new technologies such as contact management software and mobile apps.
Baseline projections of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK: update
This report provides updated 30-day projections, together with the inherent model assumptions and uncertainties. Both the model projections and the data to which the model is calibrated should be interpreted with caution given the differences between national surveillance systems, case definitions and testing policies. Comparisons between countries based on the data and forecasts presented in this paper should only be made with extreme caution and should take these differences into account. Nonetheless, the projections presented here illustrate potential future trends in COVID-19 transmission in EU/EEA countries and the UK.
Guidelines for the implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions against COVID-19
These ECDC guidelines detail available options for NPI in various epidemiologic scenarios, assess the evidence for their effectiveness and address implementation issues, including potential barriers and facilitators.