Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, February 2019
This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for the period 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018.
All 30 countries reported measles data for December 2018, with 457 cases reported by 21 countries and nine countries reporting no cases.
Overall, case numbers continued to increase compared with the previous two months. Poland, Romania, Italy, France and Slovakia had the highest case counts with 114, 70, 68, 54 and 52 cases, respectively.
Notable increases were reported in Poland, Slovakia and Lithuania.
- Poland reported 114 cases in December, compared with 79 in November and 21 cases in October.
- Slovakia reported 52 cases in December, compared with 38 in November and 16 cases in October.
- Lithuania reported 20 cases in December, compared with eight in November and zero cases in October.
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more