Eurosurveillance for World Rabies Day – 28 September
Rabies is a deadly disease and endemic in over 100 countries. It causes around 59,000 human deaths annually, the vast majority in Asia and Africa. There are safe and effective human vaccines for pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis. With a prompt and proper post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), exposed people have a survival rate close to 100%.
Chronic hepatitis B infections on the rise since 2008
In 2017, the majority (58%) of the almost 27 000 newly reported hepatitis B cases in the European Union and European Economic Area were classified as chronic infections. This follows a consistent upward trend in reported chronic hepatitis B cases since 2008.
Ending the HIV epidemic: where does Europe stand?
From diagnosis of HIV to successful viral suppression: in a rapid communication published in Eurosurveillance, ECDC and co-authors from Public Health England and The National AIDS Trust summarise the progress towards HIV elimination in 52 countries in Europe and Central Asia. The main issues: diagnosing those who are unaware of their HIV infection and treating them.
Marking European Testing Week: ECDC issues integrated hepatitis and HIV testing Guidance
To mark European Testing Week from 23 to 30 November 2018, ECDC publishes its new Guidance on integrated viral hepatitis and HIV testing.
HIV in Europe and Central Asia: progress in 2018 towards meeting the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets
In 2014, the Joint United National Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) established the global 90–90–90 targets. The aim was for 90% of all people living with HIV (PLHIV) to be diagnosed, 90% of those diagnosed to receive antiretroviral treatment (ART) and 90% of those receiving treatment to achieve viral suppression, by 2020. This article describes progress towards the UNAIDS 90–90–90 targets across Europe and Central Asia and discuss whether current performance is sufficient to eliminate HIV transmission.