New ECDC protocols for surveillance of healthcare-associated infections: targeted surveillance is an essential tool for control and prevention
Today, ECDC’s Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance Network (HAI-Net) publishes a new version of the software application HelicsWin.Net.
Investing in HIV response essential to curb on-going HIV transmission in Europe.Archived
New data for 2011 show that more than 121 000 new HIV cases were reported in the WHO European Region, including more than 28 000 new infections in the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU/EEA), indicating an increase for the whole Region compared to the previous year1.
Expert panel reviews neuraminidase inhibitors for the prevention and treatment of influenza
An ECDC expert opinion concludes that there is clear evidence supporting the use of neuraminidase inhibitors in the treatment and prevention of influenza. Moreover, the current recommendations in European countries on the use of the neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir and zanamivir are appropriate and should be applied by prescribing physicians.
The benefits of HIV treatment: undetectable means you do not pass on the virus
Since its introduction in the 1990s, the main aim of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV has been to halt the progression of the infection, maintaining the health of the HIV-positive person taking treatment. In addition to this, the impact of treatment as prevention has been well described.
1 in 7 people living with HIV in the EU/EEA are not aware of their HIV status
Almost 30 000 newly diagnosed HIV infections were reported by the 31 European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries in 2015, according to data published by ECDC and the WHO Regional Office for Europe. This is similar to the observed notification trends in the last decade. One reason for this persistent HIV epidemic: ECDC estimates that currently around 122 000 people living with HIV across the region are unaware of their infection. The estimated time between HIV infection and diagnosis is four years.
Marking European Testing Week: ECDC issues integrated hepatitis and HIV testing Guidance
To mark European Testing Week from 23 to 30 November 2018, ECDC publishes its new Guidance on integrated viral hepatitis and HIV testing.
HIV in Europe and Central Asia: progress in 2018 towards meeting the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets
In 2014, the Joint United National Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) established the global 90–90–90 targets. The aim was for 90% of all people living with HIV (PLHIV) to be diagnosed, 90% of those diagnosed to receive antiretroviral treatment (ART) and 90% of those receiving treatment to achieve viral suppression, by 2020. This article describes progress towards the UNAIDS 90–90–90 targets across Europe and Central Asia and discuss whether current performance is sufficient to eliminate HIV transmission.
Chronic hepatitis B infections on the rise since 2008
In 2017, the majority (58%) of the almost 27 000 newly reported hepatitis B cases in the European Union and European Economic Area were classified as chronic infections. This follows a consistent upward trend in reported chronic hepatitis B cases since 2008.
Using Geographic Information Systems and Decision Support Systems for the Prediction, Prevention, and Control of Vector-Borne DiseasesArchived
Emerging and resurging vector-borne diseases cause significant morbidity and mortality, especially in the developing world. We focus on how advances in mapping, Geographic Information System, and Decision Support System technologies, and progress in spatial and space time modeling, can be harnessed to prevent and control these diseases.