West Nile virus in Europe: understanding the present to gauge the futureArchived
The appearance of West Nile virus in New York in 1999 and the unprecedented panzootic that followed, have stimulated a major research effort in the western hemisphere and a new interest in the presence of this virus in the Old World. This review considers current understanding of the natural history of this pathogen, with particular regard to transmission in Europe.
Evidence of simultaneous circulation of West Nile and Usutu viruses in mosquitoes sampled in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) in 2009Archived
In recent years human diseases due to mosquito-borne viruses were increasingly reported in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), from the chikungunya virus in 2007 to the West Nile virus (WNV) in 2008. An extensive entomological survey was performed in 2009 to establish the presence and distribution of mosquito arboviruses in this region, with particular reference to flaviviruses.
First West Nile fever case of 2013 in the EU/EEA found in Attiki, Greece
The first human case of West Nile fever in the EU/EEA has been reported this week. Greece reported one probable case in the Attiki region, more precisely in the eastern part of the region, on 16 July.
West Nile fever: 12 new cases in the EU and 44 in neighbouring countries reported in the past week
Twelve new cases of West Nile fever were detected in the EU in the week to 15 August 2013. Austria reported its first confirmed case though the place of infection is still under investigation.
West Nile fever weekly update: Newly affected areas and highest number of cases in EU for 2013 season so far
During the past week, 26 new cases of West Nile fever were detected in the EU, which is the highest number of new cases for a week for the 2013 season so far.
Epidemiological update: End of West Nile virus transmission season in Europe, 2013
Since 5 June, ECDC has published on its website weekly updates on spatial distribution of West Nile fever cases in the European Union and neighbouring countries. Cases reported in the EU were autochthonous human WN fever cases (neuro-invasive and non neuro-invasive), meeting laboratory criteria as per EU case definition (Directive 2008/426/EC) and all reported cases outside the EU.
2014 West Nile fever season: ECDC launches weekly maps
Since last week ECDC has started collecting information about West Nile fever cases in Europe, for the 2014 transmission season. The first seasonal surveillance maps, published this week, present an overview of West Nile fever situation in Europe, as of 5 June 2014.