Mpox (monkeypox) is a viral disease usually transmitted from animals to humans, which begins with a combination of the following symptoms:
- physical weakness
- lymph node swelling
- back pain and muscle aches
These are usually followed by mucous membrane lesions and a characteristic skin rash.
For the first time, in 2022, a large outbreak of mpox was identified in many countries worldwide where it is not common, including EU/EEA countries. The outbreak was driven by human-to-human transmission via close contact with infected individuals and the majority of cases was among men who had sex with men (MSM).