Monkeypox virus

Human monkeypox (MPX) - a zoonotic disease caused by the monkeypox virus (MPXV) - often begins with a combination of the following symptoms: fever, headache, chills, exhaustion, asthenia, lymph node swelling, back pain, and muscle aches.

Human monkeypox is an endemic zoonotic disease in the tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa. The first outbreak of MPX reported outside of Africa was an outbreak linked to an importation of infected mammals in 2003 into the United States. Since 2018, 12 travel-associated MPXV cases were reported outside Africa until the end of 2021. In 2022, for the first time, many outbreaks were reported in EU Member States and worldwide (in non-endemic countries) that had no epidemiological links to travel or imported mammals.

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