Immunisation and vaccines
Vaccination protects people against serious and life-threatening infectious diseases, such as influenza (flu), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), measles, mumps, rubella (German measles), meningococcal disease, invasive pneumococcal disease and polio.
Each year, vaccination stops 2.7 million people worldwide from getting measles, one million from getting pertussis and two million babies from getting tetanus.
In the past, many people died of diseases that can now be prevented through vaccination. People also suffered more commonly from disease-related complications, such as blindness due to measles and babies born with deafness, cataracts or learning disabilities due to their mothers getting rubella in pregnancy. Polio - as many people born before the 60's will remember - used to be a major cause of death, paralysis and lifelong disabilities in Europe and other regions.
Vaccine hesitancy refers to delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines despite availability of vaccination services.
The proportion of the EU population who receive the recommended vaccine against diseases.
EU vaccination schedules
The Vaccine Schedule is an ECDC tool and interactive platform of vaccination schedules for individual European countries and specific age groups.
Immunisation Information Systems
Strong information systems to digitally record information about vaccination, Immunisation Information Systems (IIS), are an integral part of well-functioning vaccine programmes.
European Immunisation Week
European Immunisation Week (EIW) is celebrated across the European Region every April to raise awareness of the importance of immunization for people’s health and well-being.