Risk assessments

Rapid risk/outbreaks assessment aim at supporting the countries and the European Commission in their preparedness and response to a public health threat. They provide a timely summary and risk assessment of a public health threat for EU/EEA countries related to a specific event. They also include potential options for response. As outbreaks or public health events develop, ECDC may issue updated risk assessments. 

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Rapid risk assessment: Increase in OXA-244 -producing Escherichia coli in the European Union/European Economic Area and the UK since 2013, first update

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Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup ST22, presumed to be linked to imported melons

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Threat Assessment Brief: Implications for the EU/EEA on the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta (B.1.617.2) variant of concern

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Rapid risk assessment: Assessing SARS-CoV-2 circulation, variants of concern, non-pharmaceutical interventions and vaccine rollout in the EU/EEA, 15th update

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Threat Assessment Brief: Emergence of SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617 variants in India and situation in the EU/EEA

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Threat Assessment Brief: Dengue epidemic in Réunion, 2021

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Risk Assessment: Emergence of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae ST23 carrying carbapenemase genes in EU/EEA countries

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Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis sequence type (ST)11 infections linked to poultry products in the EU/EEA and the United Kingdom

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Threat Assessment Brief: First identification of human cases of avian influenza A(H5N8) infection

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Risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2021

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Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea, 2021

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Risk assessment: SARS-CoV-2 - increased circulation of variants of concern and vaccine rollout in the EU/EEA, 14th update

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Risk Assessment: Risk related to the spread of new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern in the EU/EEA – first update

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Risk Assessment: Risk related to spread of new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern in the EU/EEA

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Threat Assessment Brief: Rapid increase of a SARS-CoV-2 variant with multiple spike protein mutations observed in the United Kingdom

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Risk of COVID-19 transmission related to the end-of-year festive season

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Increase in fatal cases of COVID-19 among long-term care facility residents in the EU/EEA and the UK

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Detection of new SARS-CoV-2 variants related to mink

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Increased transmission of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK – thirteenth update

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Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Anatum infections linked to Brazil nuts

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