One of the main tasks of health education is to inform about lifestyles and behaviours that prevent people from various diseases. In this sense, health education aims to influence a person’s knowledge, attitudes and behaviours connected to health in a positive way. It is a process during which people learn how to take care about their own and other people’s health.
Initiatives can either focus on improving existing medical problems or preventative education (e.g. prevent people from acquiring various diseases or guide them on how to live with a disease), in any combination of planned learning activities.
Health Education models of intervention have evolved in the past three decades. The field is quite diverse in Europe on what concerns approaches and levels of integration with public health programs.